Reinvention: an International Journal of Undergraduate Research https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention <p id="journal-tagline" class="lead">Reinvention is an online, peer-reviewed journal, dedicated to the publication of high-quality undergraduate student research. The journal welcomes academic articles from all disciplinary areas and all universities.</p> en-US <p class="p-Cl1" style="background-color: transparent; box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Lato,&amp;quot; helvetica neue&amp;quot;,helvetica,arial,sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; margin-bottom: 16px; margin-top: 16px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;" align="left">Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing through any medium of communication those illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. Authors are also responsible for adding these permissions to the acknowledgement footnote that precedes all other notes or crediting the source and copyright of photographs or figures in the accompanying captions.</p> <p style="background-color: transparent; box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Lato,&amp;quot; helvetica neue&amp;quot;,helvetica,arial,sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; margin-bottom: 16px; margin-top: 16px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">The journal's policy is to ask authors to grant us the licence to publish their work, which gives us the exclusive right both to reproduce and/or distribute their article (including the abstract) in printed, electronic or any other medium, and in turn to authorise others (including Reproduction Rights Organisations such as the Copyright Licensing Agency and the Copyright Clearance Center) to do the same. In return the author(s) assert their Moral Right to be identified as the author, and we promise that we will respect their rights as the author(s). That is, we will make sure that their name(s) is/are always clearly associated with the article and, while they do allow us to make necessary editorial changes, we will not make any substantial alteration to their article without consulting them.</p> <p style="background-color: transparent; box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Lato,&amp;quot; helvetica neue&amp;quot;,helvetica,arial,sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; margin-bottom: 16px; margin-top: 16px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">Copyright remains with the author(s), however, the author(s) authorise us to act on their behalf to defend their copyright if anyone should infringe it, and to retain half of any damages awarded, after deducting our costs. The author(s) also retain the right to use their own article (provided they acknowledge the published original in standard bibliographic citation form) in the following ways, as long as they do not sell it or give it away in ways which would conflict directly with our interests. The author(s) is/are free to use their article for the internal educational or other purposes of their own institution or company; mounted on their own or their institution’s website; posted to free public servers of preprints and/or articles in their subject area; or in whole or in part, as the basis for their own further publications or spoken presentations.</p> <p style="background-color: transparent; box-sizing: border-box; color: #333333; font-family: Lato,&amp;quot; helvetica neue&amp;quot;,helvetica,arial,sans-serif; font-size: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; margin-bottom: 16px; margin-top: 16px; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">If you have any queries about copyright please contact the Journal Coordinator, Fiona O'Brien, at <a style="background-color: transparent; box-sizing: border-box; color: #30818a; text-decoration: none;" href="mailto:F.O-Brien@warwick.ac.uk">F.O-Brien@warwick.ac.uk</a></p> reinventionjournal@warwick.ac.uk (Reinvention Journal Team) reinventionjournal@warwick.ac.uk (Reinvention Journal Team) Sat, 01 May 2021 17:22:57 +0100 OJS 3.2.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Incorporating Sustainability into the Academic Institution https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/722 <p>This research examines environmental sustainability in the UK university context. Universities are prioritising sustainability commitments with many declaring a Climate Emergency, as well as recognising the importance of educating students about climate change. This research used a case-study approach in which semi-structured interviews were coupled with secondary data analysis, and suggests universities are pivotal for greater environmental sustainability. The results reiterate the urgent need to significantly improve environmental performance and educate people in the field of sustainability, whilst presenting the challenges and realities faced in doing so. It is recommended that in order to achieve optimum sustainability solutions a cohesive approach is required to embed a common sustainability narrative for all.</p> Charlotte Kate Sinden Copyright (c) 2021 Charlotte Kate Sinden https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/722 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Haiti: An Ethnographic Study of the Effects of International Aid on Haitian Life https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/657 <p>Haiti has seen an increasing number of non-governmental organisations (NGO) and intergovernmental organisations (IGO), providing structural and emergency aid in times of conflict and weather-related events. This was intensified in 2010 when Haiti regained international attention from a ravaging earthquake that shook its core. This ethnographic study analyses the effects of NGOs and IGOs a decade after this natural disaster. We attempt to venture beyond the statistical evidence grounding most analyses provided by NGOs and IGOs to reveal perspectives from individual Haitians that are impacted by the policies and decisions of these organisations. In doing so, we examine the local standard of living, infrastructure, and social dynamics through four in-person interviews conducted in their respective geographic locations. These interviews set a basis for a discussion and examination of organisations’ allocation, dependency, and sustainability. The voices of local Haitians reveal the profound, yet subtle impacts that go unreported by foreign scholars that are crucial to understanding the day-to-day challenges faced despite foreign aid. We conclude that Haitians face a stasis of social mobility despite the copious work done by aid organisations that is often inconsistent and misaligned with the needs of Haitians.</p> Wai Chung Tse, Mr, Lamia Makkar, Ms Copyright (c) 2021 Wai Chung Tse, Mr, Lamia Makkar, Ms, Paul Mason, Dr https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/657 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Zombie ant graveyard dynamics in Gunung Mulu National Park https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/704 <p><em>Ophiocordyceps</em> is a genus of pathogenic fungi, which predominantly parasitise insects. This study investigates the spatial dynamics of zombie ant graveyards, and explores the optimal height for <em>Ophiocordyceps unilateralis</em> spore dispersal in a Bornean rainforest. While there is considerable research derived from alternative tropical regions, there is limited documentation of <em>Ophiocordyceps</em> fungi in Borneo. This paper aims to build on the current body of knowledge, focusing on the spatial dynamics of zombie ant graveyards, and in particular the height at which infected ants are found. In the present study, an area of Gunung Mulu National Park was searched for <em>O. unilateralis-</em>infected ants. Once an infected ant was located, the surrounding area was methodically searched to allow for the height and location of all surrounding ants to be recorded. Infected ants were found at variable heights between the four sites (means of 28.9–57.6 cm) above the expected height laid out in similar studies (approximately 25 cm). It is suggested that these heights may correspond to locations at which temperature and humidity are optimal for spore dispersal and fungal growth and that these heights differ depending on unique features of the environment.</p> Molly Norah Lavery, Conor Francis Hunter Murphy, Emma Kate Bowman Copyright (c) 2021 Molly Norah Lavery, Conor Francis Hunter Murphy, Emma Kate Bowman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/704 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Investigating the factors behind differences in ‘lay’ and ‘expert’ medical knowledge in the context of fever treatment in Yangon, Myanmar. https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/732 <p>Greater social research aiming to understand the qualitative experiences of patients and healthcare workers is necessary in order to create informed health policies. A key aspect of this is acknowledging and uncovering how 'lay' and 'expert' medical knowledge interact and co-exist. This paper uses the context of fever treatment in Yangon, Myanmar, to investigate the factors behind differences between 'lay' and 'expert' medical knowledge.</p> <p><br />This cross-sectional study conducts a deductive thematic analysis of secondary qualitative data from both patients and medical doctors using an adapted form of Amartya Sen’s capability approach framework. Results uncover how education, socially rooted collective knowledge and unregulated pharmacies drive differences between 'lay' and 'expert' medical knowledge.</p> <p><br />The results of this paper highlight the interdisciplinary nature of health, meaning health systems should be considered within their sociological, political and economic contexts. Appreciating the complexity of how health is understood by populations can allow policymakers to form a stronger health system by creating contextualised policies and health interventions for the general public that cater to the diversity of narratives within health systems and beliefs.</p> <p> </p> Onubha Hoque Syed Copyright (c) 2021 Onubha Hoque Syed https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/732 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Reinvention: Interconnectedness, Interdisciplinarity & Sustainability https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/833 <p>NA</p> Auni Siukosaari Copyright (c) 2021 Fiona O'Brien; Auni Siukosaari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/833 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100 The Uninhabitable Earth: A Story of the Future https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/724 Valerie Kay, Virginia Thomas-Pickles Copyright (c) 2021 Valerie Kay, Virginia Thomas-Pickles https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/724 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Commentary: sustainable development as theme and platform for interdisciplinary undergraduate research https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/823 <p>NA for commentary piece.</p> Marco J Haenssgen Copyright (c) 2021 Fiona O'Brien https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://reinventionjournal.org/index.php/reinvention/article/view/823 Sat, 01 May 2021 00:00:00 +0100