Reinvention: an International Journal of Undergraduate Research 2021-05-01T17:22:57+01:00 Reinvention Journal Team Open Journal Systems <p id="journal-tagline" class="lead">Reinvention is an online, peer-reviewed journal, dedicated to the publication of high-quality undergraduate student research. The journal welcomes academic articles from all disciplinary areas and all universities.</p> The Uninhabitable Earth: A Story of the Future 2020-10-06T16:34:00+01:00 Valerie Kay Virginia Thomas-Pickles 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Valerie Kay, Virginia Thomas-Pickles Commentary: sustainable development as theme and platform for interdisciplinary undergraduate research 2021-04-08T15:06:24+01:00 Marco J Haenssgen <p>NA for commentary piece.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Fiona O'Brien Incorporating Sustainability into the Academic Institution 2020-10-01T13:11:42+01:00 Charlotte Kate Sinden <p>This research examines environmental sustainability in the UK university context. Universities are prioritising sustainability commitments with many declaring a Climate Emergency, as well as recognising the importance of educating students about climate change. This research used a case-study approach in which semi-structured interviews were coupled with secondary data analysis, and suggests universities are pivotal for greater environmental sustainability. The results reiterate the urgent need to significantly improve environmental performance and educate people in the field of sustainability, whilst presenting the challenges and realities faced in doing so. It is recommended that in order to achieve optimum sustainability solutions a cohesive approach is required to embed a common sustainability narrative for all.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Charlotte Kate Sinden Haiti: An Ethnographic Study of the Effects of International Aid on Haitian Life 2020-06-17T10:14:52+01:00 Wai Chung Tse Lamia Makkar <p>Haiti has seen an increasing number of non-governmental organisations (NGO) and intergovernmental organisations (IGO), providing structural and emergency aid in times of conflict and weather-related events. This was intensified in 2010 when Haiti regained international attention from a ravaging earthquake that shook its core. This ethnographic study analyses the effects of NGOs and IGOs a decade after this natural disaster. We attempt to venture beyond the statistical evidence grounding most analyses provided by NGOs and IGOs to reveal perspectives from individual Haitians that are impacted by the policies and decisions of these organisations. In doing so, we examine the local standard of living, infrastructure, and social dynamics through four in-person interviews conducted in their respective geographic locations. These interviews set a basis for a discussion and examination of organisations’ allocation, dependency, and sustainability. The voices of local Haitians reveal the profound, yet subtle impacts that go unreported by foreign scholars that are crucial to understanding the day-to-day challenges faced despite foreign aid. We conclude that Haitians face a stasis of social mobility despite the copious work done by aid organisations that is often inconsistent and misaligned with the needs of Haitians.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Wai Chung Tse, Mr, Lamia Makkar, Ms, Paul Mason, Dr Zombie ant graveyard dynamics in Gunung Mulu National Park 2020-08-11T10:33:39+01:00 Molly Norah Lavery Conor Francis Hunter Murphy Emma Kate Bowman <p><em>Ophiocordyceps</em> is a genus of pathogenic fungi, which predominantly parasitise insects. This study investigates the spatial dynamics of zombie ant graveyards, and explores the optimal height for <em>Ophiocordyceps unilateralis</em> spore dispersal in a Bornean rainforest. While there is considerable research derived from alternative tropical regions, there is limited documentation of <em>Ophiocordyceps</em> fungi in Borneo. This paper aims to build on the current body of knowledge, focusing on the spatial dynamics of zombie ant graveyards, and in particular the height at which infected ants are found. In the present study, an area of Gunung Mulu National Park was searched for <em>O. unilateralis-</em>infected ants. Once an infected ant was located, the surrounding area was methodically searched to allow for the height and location of all surrounding ants to be recorded. Infected ants were found at variable heights between the four sites (means of 28.9–57.6 cm) above the expected height laid out in similar studies (approximately 25 cm). It is suggested that these heights may correspond to locations at which temperature and humidity are optimal for spore dispersal and fungal growth and that these heights differ depending on unique features of the environment.</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Molly Norah Lavery, Conor Francis Hunter Murphy, Emma Kate Bowman Investigating the factors behind differences in ‘lay’ and ‘expert’ medical knowledge in the context of fever treatment in Yangon, Myanmar. 2020-10-18T16:30:56+01:00 Onubha Hoque Syed <p>Greater social research aiming to understand the qualitative experiences of patients and healthcare workers is necessary in order to create informed health policies. A key aspect of this is acknowledging and uncovering how 'lay' and 'expert' medical knowledge interact and co-exist. This paper uses the context of fever treatment in Yangon, Myanmar, to investigate the factors behind differences between 'lay' and 'expert' medical knowledge.</p> <p><br />This cross-sectional study conducts a deductive thematic analysis of secondary qualitative data from both patients and medical doctors using an adapted form of Amartya Sen’s capability approach framework. Results uncover how education, socially rooted collective knowledge and unregulated pharmacies drive differences between 'lay' and 'expert' medical knowledge.</p> <p><br />The results of this paper highlight the interdisciplinary nature of health, meaning health systems should be considered within their sociological, political and economic contexts. Appreciating the complexity of how health is understood by populations can allow policymakers to form a stronger health system by creating contextualised policies and health interventions for the general public that cater to the diversity of narratives within health systems and beliefs.</p> <p> </p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Onubha Hoque Syed Reinvention: Interconnectedness, Interdisciplinarity & Sustainability 2021-04-29T11:05:02+01:00 Auni Siukosaari <p>NA</p> 2021-05-01T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Fiona O'Brien; Auni Siukosaari